Firefighters respond to fire related emergencies that threaten people’s lives and their homes. These professionals put out fire using water hoses, water pumps and fire extinguishers. They are required to clean and maintain their equipment.
This article has all the details on how to become a firefighter in Alabama.

Should I Become a Firefighter in Alabama?

  • Education Required
  • Major Requirement
  • Licenses/Certifications
  • Experience/Training
  • Key Skills
  • Annual Mean Salary (2019) National
  • Job Outlook (2018-28)
  • Annual Mean Salary (2019) – Alabama 
  • High school diploma
  • Not Applicable
  • Required for EMT positions
  • On-the-job training
  • Problem-solving Skills, Decision-making Skills, Compassion, Physical Strength, Physical Stamina and Courage
  • $54,650
  • 5%
  • $41,870

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (2019)

Firefighters are required to rescue people stuck in fire incidents. These professionals work in a dangerous environment and have high risk of injuries. They often have to break windows, doors and other things causing obstruction to get access to a burning building. They also provide medical assistance to people.

Career Outlook

Firefighters are projected to witness a growth of 5% from 2018-2028 as reported by the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Even though fire incidences have reduced due to improved building codes and materials yet the services of fire fighters will continue to be needed in the future. Fires spread very quickly so it is essential to control them as soon as possible.

Steps to Become a Firefighter in Alabama

Become an Emergency Medical Technician (EMT)

Firefighters need to have a high school diploma to begin the process. Most firefighting departments need them to become EMTs as they have to deal with medical emergencies as well. An EMT certification program is a combination of classroom learning and practical experience. Candidates may also be taught the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technician (NERMT) course. Aspiring firefighters, living in Alabama, have to obtain the EMT-Basic level State of Alabama’s EMS certification.

Get a Degree

Even though it is not necessary, a few candidates get a college degree to open better options. They either get an associate’s or a bachelor’s degree in fire science or any other related major. Fire protection systems, fire prevention, wild land fire fighter, strategy and tactics, fire scene reconstruction, building construction etc. are some of the courses offered during these programs.

Pass the Required Exams

In Alabama, aspiring firefighters are required to pass the Candidate Physical Agility Test (CPAT) which measures their physical stamina and strength. They also have to pass a written exam. Drug screening and alcohol testing is also a part of the process.

Get Training

Candidates have to obtain basic firefighting training from a training facility or a fire academy. During this program, they learn about firefighting techniques, building techniques and emergency medical tactics. These professionals also learn how to use rescue and firefighting equipment.

Advancing Career

Those firefighters who want to advance their career get advanced knowledge. Once they have the required education and experience, they seek advancement to better position, such as fire chiefs and fire engineers, etc.

How Long Does It Take to Become a Firefighter in Alabama?

Aspiring firefighters have to obtain a high school diploma and EMT certification to initiate the process. They are required to pass the CPAT and written exam. Once all these requirements are fulfilled, they can start finding employment and get on-the-job training.

What Are the Requirements for Becoming a Firefighter in Alabama?

Following are the requirements to become a firefighter in Alabama:

  • Be at least 18 years of age
  • Have the State of Alabama’s EMS certification at the EMT-Basic level
  • Have Alabama’s driver’s license
  • Be a US Citizen
  • Pass the required exams

How Much Can I Make After Becoming a Firefighter in Alabama?

As per the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, firefighters working in Alabama were earning an annual mean salary of $41,870 in 2019.